CALVIN, JOHN

   or CAUVIN
   the great Reformer, born at Noyon, in Picardy; devoted for a time to the law, was sent to study at the university of Orleans, after having mastered Latin as a boy at Paris; became acquainted with the Scriptures, and acquired a permanently theological bent; professed the Protestant faith; proceeded to Paris; became the centre of a dangerous religious excitement; had to flee for his life from France; retired to Basel, where he studied Hebrew and wrote his great epoch-making book, the "Institutes of the Christian Religion"; making after this for Strassburg, he chanced to pass through Geneva, was arrested as by the hand of God to stay and help on God's work in the place, but proceeded with such rigour that he was expelled, though recalled after three years; on his return he proposed and established his system of Church government, which allowed of no license in faith any more than conduct, as witness the burning of Servetus for denying the doctrine of the Trinity; for twenty years he held sway in Geneva, and for so long he was regarded as the head of the Reformed Churches in Scotland, Switzerland, Holland, and France. Besides his "Institutes," he found time to write Commentaries on nearly all the books of the Bible; was a man of masculine intellect and single-hearted devotion to duty, as ever in the "Great Taskmaster's" eye. His greatest work was his "Institutes," published in Basel in 1535-36. It was written in Latin, and four years after translated by himself into French. "In the translated form," says Prof. Saintsbury, "it is beyond all question the first serious work of great literary merit not historical in the history of French prose.... Considering that the whole of it was written before the author of it was seven-and-twenty, it is perhaps the most remarkable work of its particular kind to be anywhere found; the merits of it being those of full maturity and elaborate preparation rather than of youthful exuberance" (1509-1564).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calvin, John — • Born at Noyon in Picardy, France, 10 July, 1509, and died at Geneva, 27 May, 1564 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Calvin, John     John Calvin …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CALVIN, JOHN° — (1509–1564), French Church reformer and theologian. Calvin was one of the foremost Christian Bible exegetes of his time. He wrote commentaries on Isaiah (1551), Genesis (1554), Psalms and Hosea (1557), the 12 Minor Prophets (1560), Daniel (1561) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Calvin, John — French Jean Cauvin born July 10, 1509, Noyon, Picardy, France died May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switz. French Protestant theologian and major figure of the Reformation. He studied religion at the University of Paris and law in Orléans and Bourges. When… …   Universalium

  • CALVIN, John — (1509 1564) A dominant figure of the Protestant Reformation, John Calvin was a preacher, biblical scholar, and theologian. Although his Reform movement was centered in Geneva, Calvin s influence extended throughout all of Europe in the sixteenth… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Calvin, John — ( 1509 1564 )    founder of the Reformed stream of Protestantism    One of the principle intellectual and organizational leaders of the 16th century Protestant Reformation, John Calvin was the fountainhead of one of the two major streams of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Calvin, John — (1509–64)    Theologian and Denomination Founder.    Calvin was born in Noyon, Picardy and was trained as a lawyer. By 1533 he was an avowed Protestant and was compelled to leave Paris where he was pursuing literary studies. He spent the next… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Calvin, John — (1509 64)    A French Protestant theologian, Calvin, through his years of reform at Geneva, became the great systematiser of the Reformation while laying the foundations for the theology that would bear his name. While Calvin s background was… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Calvin, John — (1509 1564)    French religious reformer. Although identified mainly with the Protestant Reformation, Calvin began his intellectual development as a follower of humanism. Born at Noyon in northern France, he studied liberal arts at the University …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • CALVIN, John — (1509 1564)    after LUTHER, Calvin is the greatest of the Protestant REFORMERS and one of the most important CHRISTIAN theologians of all time. As a result of his CONVERSION and the influence of LUTHER, he fled France arriving at Geneva in 1536… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Calvin,John — Cal·vin (kălʹvĭn), John. 1509 1564. French born Swiss Protestant theologian who broke with the Roman Catholic Church (1533) and set forth the tenets of his theology, known today as Presbyterianism, in Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536).… …   Universalium

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